Main article: Same-sex marriage in Belgium the second country to allow same- sex marriages in 2003.
Belgium says it has given humanitarian visas to five gay men from Chechnya who face persecution for their sexual orientation in their native region in Russia's North Caucasus. Belgian State Secretary for Asylum and Migration Theo Francken said on April 6 that the five men had.
Paul Borghs, “The Gay and Lesbian Movement in Belgium from the 1950s to the Present,” QED: A Journal in GLBTQ Worldmaking 3.3 (2016): 29–70. ISSN 2327 .